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It is one of the prominent feature of Dargah Sharif & Khanqas (Spiritual Monasteries). In the present advanced age several questions are being raised in relation to those offerings which are made atthe shrines of Muslim saints, particularly at the Dargah of Hazrat Khwaja Gharib Nawaz (R.A.) at Ajmer. It is all due to the lack of proper religious knowledge, lack of well established customs precedents and traditions and lack of settled Islamic and judicial pronouncements on this point.
Nazar-O-Niyaz which is a combination of two words of Arabic language, in English it means vows and oblations. It is paid on the fulfillment of one's own vow (Mannat e.g. getting a child or such as business or completion of a house etc.) it is a gesture of appreciation paid for rendering satisfactory spiritual service hence it is personal, undisputable, irrefutable and 'unclaimable' by others. It is neither pre-determined nor pre fixed but willing offering on the fulfillment of one's on cherished desires.
ACCORDING TO ISLAMIC LAW
Offering i.e. Nazar-O-Niyaz is a deed through which the nearness is attained, it is also a source of earning the pleasure and blessings of those who have attained the nearness of god ,not only this , presentation of Nazar-O-Niyaz is considered as a source of achievement and success in life.
According to CHISHTIA sect: Offerings which people make at any Dargah, their intention and aim is to obtain the blessing of that Saint at whose Dargah the offerings are made and also the blessings of that person who is the custodian of that Dargah and in his capacity as Gaddi Nashin, Moallim, Mujawar or Khadim is entitled to receive the same.
After understanding the literary meanings of offerings let us see how the famous Muslim Jurist and Ulama have theologically explained the same.
1. In his book Nazar Buzurgan-e-din HAZRAT SHAH RAFIULLAH says:-
whatever is presented in cash or in kind at any Dargah by the devotees is known as offerings. This further means and implies that offerings made at Dargah are not for any charitable purpose but for the benefit of those attached to Dargah.
2. Another famous Jurist Imam Ghani Al-Nablisi Al-Qudsi in his book Hadiqa-e-Nadiah has clearly written: the main object of offerings made at Dargah is to benefit or facilitate the Moallims.
3. In his another book Kashfun-Noorhe has further clarified the object and purpose of Nazar as under:
those who make offerings at the Dargah of a saint, know well and fully understand that those offerings are for personnel use and sustenance of those who are attached with Dargah,particularly the Moallims.
4. Hazrat Allama Ahmed Raza Khan Fazile Barelawi has also confirmed that acceptance of offerings at a Mazar is the right of its Khadims and he has further emphasized that the kiths and kins of Sahib-e-Mazar will not be the beneficiaries. (Fatwa-e-Rizwiyah, Vol. 4, Page-126).
Some other relevant references based on the following authentic books of Islamic jurisprudence written by the prominent theologians_
1. Raddul Mohtar F1 Sharh-e-Durre Mukhtar by Allama Syed Ibn-e-Abidin Shami Hanafi (Kitabus som, Nazar-e-Amwat).
2. Risala-e-Nuzoor (Persian) by Shah Rafiuddin son of Shah Waliullah Muhaddis Dehalvi Page-12.
3. Tafsir-e-Ahmadi by Mulla Ahmed Jiwan, Ustad of Aurangzeb Alamgir.
4. Mukhzan-Noor by Allama Abdul Ghani Nabulusi.
NATURE OF OFFERINGS
At any Dargah particularly at Ajmer .The nature and purpose of offerings apart from what has been said earlier is, with some modification as under:
1. Firstly a person makes a vow and when his vow is fulfilled
he makes the offerings.
2. The Second form of the offerings is that the devotee has not made any vow, but when he visits Dargah he out of devotion presents certain money at the holy grave of the saint with the intention that whatever he is presenting he s presenting as an offering to that with clear implication that the same will be used by those who are entitled to receive it. At Ajmer the devotees pay the offering to a Moallim who may take as their well wisher or spiritual preceptor.
3. The third form of offering is that it is paid directly to the Moallim knowing well that the same is for the benefit and personal use of that Moallim.
4. The fourth form is that devotees pay a particular amount of offering
to the Moallim and limit its expanses they clearly specify the purpose
i.e. either to distribute equally among all the Moallims, to feed the poor, to spend in religious and spiritual functions, to present flowers or chadar (made of cotton or fine cloth) on the mazar. The soul purpose of theoffering in all the religious orders is nothing but to grace, benefit
and facilitate the moallim or the person attached to Dargah.
There are two big vessels in the shrine which are known as degs these were presented by two great mugal emperors of INDIA known as AKBER and JHANGIR.
In the big deg nearly one hundred and twenty mounds of sweet rice can be cooked at a time which is sufficient for more than 5000 people. The rice is cooked with Ghee, Sugar, Dry fruits etc.
In the small deg nearly 60 mounds of rice can be cooked in the same way .
The food cooked in these cauldrons is very delicious and is cooked by the individual devotes after that it is distributed among the devotes and poor people if you are interested in earning the swab-a-azim by feeding the poor people and devotees contact me.
LANGER (FREE DISTRIBUTION OF FOOD)
Right from the time of HUZOOR GHARIB NAWAZ (R.A) the Langar is cooked twice a day in the Darbar of HUZOOR GHARIB NAWAZ (R.A) and is distributed among the poor without any discrimination
We perform monthly fathea of HAZRAT GHARIB NAWAZ (R.A) on every sixth of Islamic month known as Chatti Sharief beside that we also perform the fathea and urs of prophet MOHAMMED (S.A.W), and all the famous successors and predecessors of PROPHET MOHAMMED (S.A.W) and of GHARIB NAEAZ (R.A). Special function are held on eid meeladun nabi, urs of KHULFA-A-RASHIDIN and of GHAUSPAK. Shab-e-Miraje , Shaban-e-moazam etc. we welcome anybody to take part in all these pious and auspicious functions and fatheas and get benefited by heavenly reward
GILAF (VELVET CLOTH TO COVER HOLY MAZAR)
To cover the Holy Mazar a velvet cloth is required which is offered by the devotes of KHAWAJA GHARIB NAWAZ (R.A) this velvet cloth is usually 42 meters in size
OFFERING IN THE MONTH OF RAMZAN & EID
During Ramzan we arrange IFTAR and SAHAR for the people and devotes of Dargah Shiref. if interested in contribution for the same we welcome any amount send by you
On EID-UL-JHUA we can offer Qurbani of one goat on your behalf in the Darbar of HUZOOR GHARIB NAWAZ (R.A).
We make it possible for you to participate in all the activities of Dargah Sherief these activities include Milad , Khatam-e-Quran , special monthly prayers , offering of Ghilaf , Sandalwood , Flowers and we also make arrangement for the donation of room by devotees for people visiting the holy shrine .
If you want to visit the holy Darbar of HUZOOR GHARIB NAWZ (R.A) and participate in any of this activity contact me I will make free arrangement for your lodging , food and other niceties.
CONTACT US Syed Mohammed Amber Miya Chishty
S/o Syed Mohammed Anique Miya Chishty